Education Website Technology Technology What is Information Technology (IT)?

What is Information Technology (IT)?

As an IT professional, your main objective would be to design, manufacture, operate, service, or repair IT components or systems. You may specialize in hardware, software, telecommunications, databases, or networks. The rapid expansion of IT out of specialist computer companies and into unrelated business sectors has produced an enormous number of different roles. These career clusters are: Computer & Information Systems Managers; Computer Programmers; Computer & Information Scientists, Computer Systems Analysts; Computer Hardware Engineers; Applications Software Engineers; Systems Software Engineers; Computer Support Specialists; Database Administrators; Network & Computer Systems Administrators; and Network Systems & Data Communications Analysts.

What Are Career Prospects Like With An Information Technology Degree?

The Information Technology Association of America notes that 92 percent of all information technology jobs are in non-information technology companies-80 percent of them in small companies outside the information technology industry. If consultancy does not appeal, you are more likely to find entry-level employment in virtually any company that uses IT. Depending on the size of the company, you could be in charge of the whole information technology system or be responsible for a small part of it. Many companies specialize in offering IT services, so you may well find plenty of opportunity with one of these consultancies, especially if you enjoy constant variety and meeting new people. According to the Occupational Outlook Quarterly (Fall 2002) the distribution of employees working in this field was as follows: associate degree 10%, bachelor’s degree 48%, master’s/higher 18% (24% had a lower level of education).

What Skills Do I Need For A College Degree Program In Information Technology?
Clearly, you will need to have a basic knowledge of computers and physics as a minimum or several years experience in the field. You will find a good level of mathematical ability essential. The nature of IT means that you will need close attention to detail, since the smallest error in your work can have serious consequences. You will find it helpful to be a problem solver and have a desire to complete and finish a task.

What Sort Of Training Will I Receive At College?
Information technology degrees vary widely between schools offering information technology programs and any concentrations you might be interested in following. The rapid advancement in IT research means that program content changes frequently to reflect these discoveries. Typical courses of study may include the following: Internet, Web components, programming (C++, COBOL, Java, HTML, Visual Basic, VRML, windows routing and switching) system administration programming techniques, new media programming, Web development, digital media, operating systems, networks, data communications, databases, LAN, WAN, interface design, gaming, simulations, artificial intelligence, 2 and 3D graphics, wireless networks, digital audio, interactive media, testing, application programming, . and security. While this list is far from exhaustive, you can see the immense depth of knowledge required. These courses are usually combined with projects and tasks set by the tutor so you can get plenty of experience before starting your career.